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Tips for riding in the rain

Tips for riding in the rain

Love it or hate it, all cyclists eventually end up riding in the rain. Fortunately, there are lots of tricks to making the experience of wet weather cycling more enjoyable and safer. Here we offer pro tips about what you should do before, during and after your next rainy ride.

Before your ride

Dress Smart

Start with a warm, wicking base layer such as a wool jersey, add intermediate insulating layers if needed and top it all off with a rain jacket. When it comes to jackets and tights, know the difference between water resistant and waterproof. Water resistant clothing tends eventually soak through but is more breathable while less permeable waterproof garments are typically better at keeping the wet out at the cost of not breathing as well.

To keep your extremities dry, don waterproof gloves and cycling socks or shoe covers. For added warmth on the cold, wet days, add chemical hand and toe warmers inside your gloves and shoes. Or use a pair of rechargeable electric heated insoles in your shoes.

Last but not least, something as simple as a pair of the light, but highly portable Rainlegs will help your upper legs stay dry.

See and Be Seen

Poor visibility comes along with wet conditions, so it’s important to do what you can to improve your chances of being seen by passing motorists and other road or trail users. Wear reflective or high visibility clothing, and add lights and reflectors to your bike. You’ll also see better if you use clear or rose tinted lenses in your glasses instead of the dark lenses typical of sunglasses.

Add Fenders

Avoid road spray and trail muck coming up and off your wheels by adding front and rear fenders to your bike. Many modern fenders feature clever attachments for easy mounting and removal, which is ideal if you don’t want to permanently install them.

Road Cycling Rain

Road Cycling Rain

During your ride

Adjust Your Braking Behavior

Wet conditions mean less traction so you’ll need to allow greater stopping distances and take your corners more slowly. Start to brake sooner and modulate your braking to reduce the chance that your wheels will lock up and subsequently slip out due to broken traction. Also scrub speed before corners rather than braking in them. Finally, don’t brake on slippery surfaces like painted lines on roads and on metal grate and wooden bridges. These become like ice when wet.

Keep Moving

When you get wet, you’re more susceptible to getting cold. Hypothermia can quickly become a real issue in cold, wet conditions. So keep moving and avoid prolonged stops because your body naturally produces heat while you exercise.

Avoid Slick Spots and Puddles

Puddles can hide potholes or other road debris that can cause flats and crashes. Pedal around puddles if possible. Likewise, avoid visibly slick spots such as where you see residues of oil or gas on the road.

After your ride

Change Promptly

Change into dry clothes as soon as possible after you stop riding. You’ll not only stay warmer but also healthier by eliminating conditions favorable to skin infections. Once changed, don’t let your wet clothes linger; instead rinse them outside using a hose to remove grime then put them directly in the laundry for a more thorough cleaning.

Clean and Lube Your Bike

It’s much easier to get dirt and road grime off your bike before it dries on. Use a hose, soap and a brush, sponge or cloth for best results. Once you’ve cleaned your bike, don’t just put it away. Be sure first to lube all moving parts like your chain, pedals and any accessible cables. Your bike will then be much more likely to work well for your next ride.

Dry Your Gear

Don’t forget to dry out your small bits such as the contents of your jersey pockets, saddle bags and backpacks. Your helmets and shoes will also hold up better over time if you leave them out to air dry. Removing insoles and stuffing your shoes with old newspaper is a time tested trick for speeding up the drying process.

How to Use Psychology to Improve Your Cycling Performance

How to Use Psychology to Improve Your Cycling Performance

Having a great ride or race on a bike isn’t just about your body performing optimally; it also requires your mind to be healthy and work well. Recent studies attribute 80% of success in sports to physical factors like fitness and skill and 20% to psychological factors.

Read on for tips about what you can do to boost your own performance through psychology.

Build Strong Support

The best riders draw upon a strong support network. Think parents, significant others, coaches, friends, teachers and teammates. A good support crew is always there for you – whether you are doing well or struggling. They are there for you when things are good and when things are bad.

Let’s consider the example of a supportive parent. Your mom or dad is going to love you, no matter whether you win that Olympic gold medal or finish last in your local championship race. Yes, he or she will celebrate with you if you do make the podium, but they’ll also take care of you when you are sick, injured or just feeling down. And it’s their enduring support that is so important – because they are with you through your tough times, they best appreciate and help you celebrate your good times.

Set Goals

If you really want to accomplish something, set a goal. Write it down and be explicit. Plot your path toward achieving that goal. Break the effort up into small, attainable steps and work on them one by one. There’s nothing like a well-defined goal to give you the motivation needed to accomplish it.

Let’s say, for example, that you struggle to push yourself to train throughout the winter months when it’s cold, dark and often precipitating. Set a goal to do well at a spring or early summer event, and then plan your training to build up for that event. It will be easier to go to the gym or head outside and ride if you have a purpose.

Visualize Your Success

Top pros don’t want until race day to mentally get themselves on the podium. In the months, weeks and days leading up to a big event, they visualize themselves performing well in their target event. They mentally practice what they will think and feel and visualize in their mind what they will do ahead of the big day so that when that day comes, it’s familiar.

For example, imagine you are training for a 20km time trial. Set aside time during training to sit quietly with your eyes closed and mentally run through what you will experience the day of the race. Visualize what you do before, during and after the time trial. What will you eat for breakfast? What will you wear? How will you warm up? What will you think and feel in the race? How will you look and feel on the podium afterward? Imagine yourself preparing well and then pushing through the difficulties of the time trial to get that personal best or to make that podium.

Build Confidence

Believe in yourself and what you can do on a bike. Confidence inevitably arises when you work on the factors mentioned above. When you have a good support network, when you’ve set reasonable goals and trained accordingly and when you’ve visualized yourself meeting those goals ahead of time, you’ll feel good about yourself and be much more likely to actually achieve your goals.

Six Tips for Better Winter Cycling

Six Tips for Better Winter Cycling

Road riding in the winter comes with extra challenges, especially with colder weather and shorter days. But if you can find the motivation to get outside, and can figure out how to stay warm, it can be incredibly rewarding. Check out these tips to make your next winter ride better.

Dress well

Choosing the right clothing to wear for the conditions makes the difference between a fun winter ride and a miserable one. Check the forecast for where you will be riding. What temperatures are expected throughout your ride? Will it be dry or will it be wet due to rain or snow? Will it be calm or windy?

Then dress in layers for those conditions. First, don a highly breathable synthetic or wool base layer. Then add one or more layers for insulation. Finally, top it off with a wind and/or waterproof jacket. Note that most waterproof jackets aren’t very breathable, despite any marketing to the contrary, so go with just a wind-blocking layer if conditions will be dry.

If you expect to ride frequently in cold weather, it’s worth investing in proper winter riding clothing and accessories.

Spare layers

When riding in extreme cold, always bring a spare layer or two. If something happens – like a mechanical or crash – you may have to stop riding for a period of time during which your core temperature will drop quickly due to the lack of movement. If there is a threat of precipitation, make sure you have a spare waterproof layer like a rain jacket.

Take the time to stop and adjust which layers you’re wearing as needed. Remove layers on climbs to keep from overheating and add layers ahead of descents to stay warm. When you wear too many layers, your sweat will quickly drench your clothes, which puts you at risk for feeling much colder the rest of the ride.

Get extra motivation by making riding dates with friends.

Keep your extremities warm

When your hands, feet and head stay warm, you will feel warmer overall. Buy yourself some truly effective gloves and winter cycling shoes. If you notice your hands and feet getting tingly and going numb during rides, your gloves and shoes are not warm enough. Avoid getting frostbite so you don’t permanently damage the circulation in your extremities.

You lose a lot of heat through your head so simply putting on ear covers, a hat or a balaclava can help you keep more heat to yourself.

Winter Road Cycling

Be seen and be safe

Winter means shorter days and lower levels of light. That means drivers are less likely to see you. Wear brightly colored and reflective outer layers for better visibility and consider adding a flashing rear blinking light and/or a headlight to your bike.

If it’s darker out, ride with glasses that have lenses that are lightly tinted or clear. You’ll be able to see better.

If you ride where it’s cold and wet enough for ice and snow, always be on the lookout, especially around blind corners or in the shade where ice may take more time to melt even as ambient temperatures rise above freezing.

Be flexible with your riding plans

Give your body extra time to warm up before pedalling hard on winter rides. If it’s very cold, consider doing a shorter ride or riding at a higher intensity so you produce more heat to keep yourself warm.

Adjust your route to pick roads with less wind exposure or stay at lower elevations. Or time your ride so you’re out at the warmest part of the day.

Winter road cycling

Bring a friend

Sometimes the hardest part of winter riding is finding the motivation to get out the door. Get extra motivation by making riding dates with friends. Knowing you have to meet your riding buddy at a certain location and time will make you less likely to bail. And you can even reward yourselves for getting out there together by stopping for a cup of warm coffee or tea at the end of your ride.

What 3 things every mountain biker wants

What 3 things every mountain biker wants

(or “Is Mountain Biking Harder Than Road Cycling?”)

To be good at anything you do, you have to have a clear purpose, therefore training has to have purpose. In mountain biking, that purpose is to improve your ability to power through and recover from the frequent hard efforts required by riding off-road. Training with a power meter will enable you to become stronger, faster, and fitter, which – when combined with superior technical skills, will make you an almost lethal mountain biker. Having a tool to measure, analyze, monitor and manage your training and racing will prepare you for known challenges and even ones that are unexpected, like wet sand and mud.

Like they say in the video, every mountain biker wants to get fitter, ride faster, and to make it easier. But the truth is, it’s never going to get easier, but if you follow the four steps listed below, you just get better.

Optimum Chainring AngleMeasure – most power meters are designed to calculate power and cadence, which are indicators of your fitness. Many power meters also measure pedal smoothness and torque effectiveness, which indicate how efficiently you pedal or, put another way, how much energy you are wasting if your pedal stroke isn’t optimized. The data that’s collected by a power meter is then exported to a .fit file, which can be read by a variety of applications specifically intended to crunch sport-performance data*. Or, you can simply email your .fit file to your coach, who can interpret your data to help you reach and hold you accountable to your goals.

Optimum Chainring PositionAnalyze – Once you’ve measured your performance – or collected data, you can analyze your data to see where your strengths and weaknesses are with respect to you as a rider, your bike, and influential circumstances (environmental, physical, technical, tactical, and psychological).

Monitor – You can leverage your data to track – or monitor – your performance, which is subject to training intensity, pacing, stress, nutrition, overtraining, and fatigue.

INpowerManage – Your accumulated data tells you how to monitor your performance in the moment; now you can set long-term goals and manage your performance to achieve those goals.

“Training with a power meter is like having an onboard coach and test lab that gives you constant diagnostic feedback with which to make adjustments to your biomechanics on the bike, and to prevent injuries,” said Hicham Mar, elite cycling coach at the American Sport Training Center. “Your data is an honest account of your output, no matter if it’s windy, hot, or steep, and of your energy levels – how many calories you are burning and how many you need to consume to maintain your pace. This is especially important in mountain biking because riding terrain varies so dramatically from one area to another, that the only way to control the variables is to know how much power you’re capable of sustaining.”

Perception and “riding by feel” are not accurate indicators of sport performance and, while technical prowess can be a temporary substitute for fitness in mountain biking, improved output is the ultimate advantage to outperforming your rivals but more importantly, yourself. To be a better rider than you were yesterday, or the day before, understanding how you can improve will help you become a smarter cyclist.

*ROTOR has partnered with, which has provided a 4-week training plan plus 30 days of TrainingPeaks Premium to owners of INpower and 2INpower, (

How to Set Your Optimum Chainring Position (OCP)

How to Set Your Optimum Chainring Position (OCP)

Switching from using round chainrings to ROTOR’s Q-Rings is easy, but it does require some initial setup followed by a transition period for full adaptation.

Why Q?

Optimum Chainring Position (OCP) is what allows you to vary the rotational position of a Q-Ring, thereby enabling you to adjust it to the precise point where you deliver maximum power during a single pedal rotation.

ROTOR suggests the following initial OCP setups by discipline:

  • Road: Position 3
  • Triathlon and TT: Position 4
  • MTB: Position 3

Because Q-Rings use leg muscles differently than round chainrings, your muscles will need time to adapt to the new, more efficient way of pedalling. Adaptation is a gradual process covering four stages with each stage taking between one day and one week. Most riders will require at least 10 hours of pedalling time to make the full transition.

Stage 1

In stage 1, you will learn to pedal more efficiently. Pedalling may initially feel different, and you may find yourself turning the pedals at a faster or slower rate than your usual cadence. Don’t worry about any initial jerkiness – it will smooth out over time.

Stage 2

You will start to feel more capable and more powerful in stage 2, and your spin will improve on climbs. Many who suffer knee pain will start to notice it less – assuming their OCP is correctly adjusted.

Stage 3 + 4

Stage 3 will bring improved biomechanical efficiency, which produces a smoother pedal stroke due to fuller activation of muscle groups. You will be creating more power than with round chainrings. If you experience no issues during this stage, you have correctly set your OCP and are onto Stage 4 of adaptation. Those encountering issues should read on for further OCP setting instructions.

If you experience the following symptoms, you are arriving at the max chainring diameter too late because your OCP number is too big, and you should reduce your OCP by one setting:

  • You accelerate and sprint easily, but have difficulty maintaining speed.
  • You feel pedalling resistance too late in your pedal stroke and/or you are hyperextending your ankle.
  • You need a lower cadence to be comfortable.
  • Your sit further forward than usual to pedal comfortably.
  • You are comfortable pedalling while standing, but not while seated.
  • You have new pain at the back of your leg behind your knee.

On the other hand, if your OCP is set too low, you will find yourself arriving at the max chainring diameter too soon during your pedal stroke. You should increase your OCP setting by one if you experience the following:

  • You find it easy to maintain a steady speed but have difficulty accelerating and sprinting.
  • You feel pedalling resistance too early in your pedal stroke and/or you are hyperflexing your ankle.
  • You need a higher cadence to be comfortable.
  • You sit further back than usual to pedal comfortably.
  • You are comfortable pedalling while seated, but not while standing.
  • You have a new pain at the front of your knee.

Once you’ve got your OCP correctly adjusted, it’s time for stage 4 and final adaptation, which comes naturally with more cumulative pedalling time using Q-Rings.

A few final setup notes

Different bikes may need different OCPs – don’t assume you will use the same position on each of your bikes.

Adjacent chainrings in multi-ring setups may require different OCP’s.

Road Q-Rings and QXL have five OCP points while MTB Q-Rings have three OCP points.

If you are using a Micro Adjust Spider (MAS), your number of OCP points is effectively doubled because it reduces the angle between OCP points by 2.5 degrees, thereby offering micro adjustments. In this case, you should adjust your OCP in 1/2-step increments.

3 Ways to Use Your End of the Cycling Season Fitness

3 Ways to Use Your End of the Cycling Season Fitness

This post published courtesy of Training Peaks. For more articles, please visit

3 Ways to Use Your End of the Cycling Season Fitness

As summer winds down, many cyclists still have plenty of fitness but lack a main goal to prepare for. Coach O’Brien Forbes has three ways you can make the most of your fitness this fall and prepare for next season.